Nancy n : a city in northeastern France in Lorraine
- Rhymes: -ænsi
Proper noun(plural Nancys)
- A given name.
- A given name borrowed from English.
- Nancy ( the city ).
Nancy (; archaic lang-de Nanzig; lang-lb Nanzeg) is a city and commune in the Lorraine région of northeastern France.
The city is the préfecture (capital) of the Meurthe-et-Moselle département. The metropolitan area (aire urbaine) of Nancy had a population of 410,509 inhabitants at the 1999 census, 103,602 of whom lived in the city of Nancy proper (105,100 inhabitants in the city proper as of 2004 estimates).
HistoryThe earliest signs of human settlement in the area date back to 800 BC. Early settlers were likely attracted by easily mined iron ore and a ford in the Meurthe River. A small fortified town named Nanciacum (Nancy) was built by Gerard, Duke of Lorraine around 1050.
Nancy was sacked by Emperor Frederick II in the 13th century, then rebuilt in stone over the next few centuries as it grew in importance as the capital of the Duchy of Lorraine. Charles the Bold, Duke of Burgundy, was defeated and killed in the Battle of Nancy in 1477.
With the death of Duke Stanislas in 1766, the duchy became a French province and Nancy remained its capital. When the région of Lorraine was created in the middle of the 20th century, Metz was chosen as its capital instead of Nancy.
As unrest surfaced within the French armed forces during the French Revolution, a full-scale mutiny took place in Nancy in later summer 1790. A few reliable units lay siege to the town and shot or imprisoned the mutineers.
Nancy was freed from Nazi Germany by the U.S. Third Army in September of 1944, during the Lorraine Campaign of World War II (see Battle of Nancy (1944)).
GeographyThe neighboring communes of Nancy are: Jarville-la-Malgrange, Laxou, Malzéville, Maxéville, Saint-Max, Tomblaine, Vandœuvre-lès-Nancy, and Villers-lès-Nancy.
SightsThe Place Stanislas named after the king of Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth and duke of Lorraine Stanislaw Leszczynski, Place de la Carrière, and Place d'Alliance were added on the World Heritage Sites list by the UNESCO in 1983.
The "École de Nancy", a group of artists and architects founded by the glassmaster and furniture maker Émile Gallé, worked in the Art Nouveau style at the end of the 19th century and the early 20th century. It was principally their work which made Nancy a centre of art and architecture that rivaled Paris and helped give the city the nickname "Capitale de l'Est." The city still possesses many Art Nouveau buildings (mostly banks or private homes). Furniture, glassware, and other pieces of the decorative arts are conserved at the Musée de l'École de Nancy, which is housed in the 1909 villa of Eugène Corbin, a Nancy businessman and supporter of the Art Nouveau there.
The old city centre's heritage dates from the Middle Ages to the 18th century. The cathedral of Nancy is a fine example of 18th century architecture. The surroundings of the train station are a busy commercial area.
There is also a botanical garden in Nancy, "Le Jardin Botanique". It is open from 10 am to 12 (noon), and from 2 pm to 5 pm on Mondays through Fridays. On Saturdays and Sundays it is open from 2 pm to 5 pm. It costs around 2.30 euros to enter, and has many different types of plants, including tropical, and many other wonderful types of plants and flowers.
There is also the aquarium and various other public gardens and places of interest including the Pépinière and Parc Sainte-Marie (public gardens); the Musée de l'École de Nancy, the Musée des Beaux-Arts and the Musée Lorrain amongst others.
CultureAt the turn of the 20th century, Nancy was a major centre of the Art Nouveau style with millions being spent on the refurbishment of Place Stanislas which was opened April 2005 by Jacques Chirac.
TransportNancy is served by a 'tramway on tyres', in actual fact a guided busway based on Bombardier Transportation's Guided Light Transit technology. It has suffered many incidents and malfunctions, but now works without significant problems. This system is also used in Caen, and will be installed in the city of Nijmegen.
Universities and colleges
This is a list of institutions of higher learning in Nancy.
- Henri Poincaré University (Université Henri Poincaré, UHP, also known as Nancy 1)
- Nancy 2 University (Université Nancy 2)
- National Polytechnic Institute of Lorraine (Institut National Polytechnique de Lorraine or INPL)
- École des Beaux-Arts de Nancy
- École nationale supérieure des industries chimiques (ENSIC)
- École nationale supérieure en génie des systèmes industriels (ENSGSI)
- École nationale supérieure d'électricité et de mécanique (ENSEM)
- École nationale supérieure des Mines de Nancy
- École Supérieure des Sciences et Technologies de l'Ingénieur de Nancy (ESSTIN)
- École Supérieure d'Informatique et Applications de Lorraine (ESIAL)
- Institut commercial de Nancy (ICN Nancy)
- Sciences Po Paris (French-German Undergraduate Campus)
The N ray, which turned out to be a figment of local physicist René-Prosper Blondlot's imagination, was named for Nancy.
The motto of the city is Non inultus premor, Latin for "No one touches me with impunity". This is very similar to the Scottish motto Nemo me impune lacessit, and both are references to the thistle, which is a symbol of both Scotland and Lorraine.
Native sons and daughtersNancy was the birthplace of:
- Christina, Grand Duchess of Tuscany (1565-1637)
- Éric Rohmer (b. 1920), film director
- Jacques Callot (c.1592-1635), baroque graphics artist, draftsman and printmaker
- Paul Colin (1892 - 1985), poster artist
- Louis Maimbourg (1610-1686), Jesuit and historian
- Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor (1708-1765), duke of Lorraine and later Holy Roman Emperor
- Jean François de Saint-Lambert (1716-1803), poet
- Joseph Ducreux (1735-1802), portrait painter, pastelist, miniaturist, and engraver
- Antoine Drouot (1774-1847), one of Napoleon's generals
- Edmond de Goncourt (1822-1896), author, critic, publisher, founder of the Académie Goncourt
- Marie Henri d'Arbois de Jubainville (1827-1910), historian and philologist
- Émile Gallé (1846-1904), Art Nouveau artist
- René-Prosper Blondlot (1849-1930), physicist, best remembered for his mistaken identification of N rays
- Aimé Morot (1850-1913), painter
- Henri Poincaré (1854-1912), mathematician, theoretical scientist and philosopher of science
- Hubert Lyautey (1854-1934), Marshal of France
- Lucien Febvre (1878-1956), historian
- Henri Cartan (b. 1904), mathematician
- Pierre Schaeffer (1910-1995), noted as the inventor of musique concrète
- François Jacob (b. 1920), biologist
- Pascal Dusapin (b. 1955), composer
- Najoua Belyzel (b. 1981) singer
- Matthieu Delpierre (b. 1981), footballer
- Jean-Baptiste Isabey (1767-1855), painter
- Lucien Weissenburger (1860-1929), architect
- (François-)Emile André (1871-1933), architect
- Arnaud Vincent (b. 1974), motorcycle racer
Hometown of these fictional characters
- flagicon UK - Newcastle, United Kingdom (since 1954)
- flagicon Belgium - Liège, Belgium (since 1954)
- flagicon Germany - Karlsruhe, Germany (since 1955)
- flagicon Italy - Padua, Italy (since 1964)
- flagicon Japan - Kanazawa, Japan (since 1973)
- flagicon Israel - Qiryat Shemona, Israel (since 1984)
- flagicon Poland - Lublin, Poland (since 1988)
- 20px| 20px - Cincinnati, United States (since 1991)
Art Nouveau-related links
Nancy in Afrikaans: Nancy
Nancy in Amharic: ናንሲ
Nancy in Arabic: نانسي
Nancy in Bulgarian: Нанси
Nancy in Catalan: Nancy
Nancy in Cebuano: Nancy
Nancy in Czech: Nancy
Nancy in Welsh: Nancy
Nancy in Danish: Nancy
Nancy in German: Nancy
Nancy in Estonian: Nancy
Nancy in Modern Greek (1453-): Νανσύ
Nancy in Spanish: Nancy
Nancy in Esperanto: Nancio
Nancy in Basque: Nancy
Nancy in Persian: نانسی
Nancy in French: Nancy
Nancy in Galician: Nancy
Nancy in Armenian: Նանսի
Nancy in Hindi: नांसी
Nancy in Indonesian: Nancy
Nancy in Interlingua (International Auxiliary Language Association): Nancy
Nancy in Italian: Nancy
Nancy in Hebrew: נאנסי
Nancy in Georgian: ნანსი
Nancy in Latin: Nanceium
Nancy in Luxembourgish: Nanzeg
Nancy in Lithuanian: Nansi
Nancy in Hungarian: Nancy
Nancy in Dutch: Nancy
Nancy in Japanese: ナンシー
Nancy in Norwegian: Nancy
Nancy in Norwegian Nynorsk: Nancy
Nancy in Occitan (post 1500): Nancí
Nancy in Polish: Nancy
Nancy in Portuguese: Nancy
Nancy in Romanian: Nancy
Nancy in Russian: Нанси
Nancy in Albanian: Nancy
Nancy in Sicilian: Nancy
Nancy in Simple English: Nancy
Nancy in Slovak: Nancy
Nancy in Slovenian: Nancy
Nancy in Somali: Nancy
Nancy in Serbian: Нанси
Nancy in Finnish: Nancy
Nancy in Swedish: Nancy
Nancy in Thai: นองซี
Nancy in Vietnamese: Nancy
Nancy in Turkish: Nancy
Nancy in Ukrainian: Нансі
Nancy in Venetian: Nancy
Nancy in Volapük: Nancy
Nancy in Chinese: 南锡